What is an autoimmune disorder that attacks the hair follicles causes well defined bald areas on the scalp or elsewhere on the body group answer choices?
Alopecia areata is a disease that happens when the immune system attacks hair follicles and causes hair loss. Hair follicles are the structures in skin that form hair. While hair can be lost from any part of the body, alopecia areata usually affects the head and face.
Is folliculitis an autoimmune disorder that attacks the hair follicles?
The condition is known to be an autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune system attacks the hair follicles and prevents hair from growing. Usually hair will begin to fall out in clumps, leaving smooth bald spots on the head. The hair may grow back, but will fall out again over time.
What diseases affect hair follicles?
Infections of the scalp include bacterial infection of hair follicles (folliculitis), infestation of head lice (pediculosis capitis), and fungal infection of scalp ringworm (tinea capitis). Itching and excessive flaking of the scalp is seen with both dandruff (seborrheic dermatitis) and psoriasis.
What autoimmune disease causes hair loss and joint pain?
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that causes fatigue, joint pain, joint stiffness, and a butterfly-shaped rash on the face. In addition, some people with lupus experience hair loss. Losing your hair can be distressing, but there are ways to deal with this condition. Here’s what you need to know about lupus hair loss.
Is dermatomyositis similar to lupus?
Lupus Rash. Dermatomyositis and autoimmune diseases like lupus may have overlapping features; however, the rashes look very different. A dermatomyositis rash has a purple-red hue that usually appears on your eyelids and joints like the knuckles, elbows, knees, and toes.
How do you stop your immune system from attacking hair follicles?
Minoxidil, commonly known as Rogaine, is a topical treatment that’s easy to apply and can be easily purchased over the counter. Minoxidil works to help the hair grow faster once the follicle is no longer under attack by the immune system and is capable of producing hair.
What can mimic folliculitis?
The types of psoriasis that can resemble folliculitis include : Plaque psoriasis, which causes dry, red patches on the skin. The patches may be raised, itchy, and painful. Guttate psoriasis, which produces small, scaling lesions on the skin.
What causes folliculitis flare ups?
Folliculitis is most often caused by an infection of hair follicles with Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria. Folliculitis may also be caused by viruses, fungi and even an inflammation from ingrown hairs.
Which condition is an autoimmune disorder?
Rheumatoid arthritis, a form of arthritis that attacks the joints. Psoriasis, a condition marked by thick, scaly patches of skin. Psoriatic arthritis, a type of arthritis affecting some people with psoriasis. Lupus, a disease that damages areas of the body that include joints, skin and organs.
What autoimmune disease causes frontal fibrosing alopecia?
Causes of Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia
FFA is considered a subtype of another disease called lichen planopilaris (LPP), an autoimmune disease that leads to progressive hair loss.
Alopecia areata frequently occurs in association with other autoimmune disorders such as vitiligo, lichen planus, morphea, lichen sclerosus et atrophicus, pemphigus foliaceus, atopic dermatitis, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, endemic goiter, Addison’s disease, pernicious anemia, lupus erythematosus, diabetes …
What are the four disorders of the hair?
Alopecia areata, trichotillomania, traction alopecia, and tinea capitis have unique features on examination that aid in diagnosis. Treatment for these disorders and telogen effluvium focuses on resolution of the underlying cause.
Why does immune system attacks hair follicles?
This means that your immune system mistakenly attacks a part of your body. When you have alopecia areata, cells in your immune system surround and attack your hair follicles (the part of your body that makes hair). This attack on a hair follicle causes the attached hair to fall out.
What autoimmune diseases can cause hair loss?
Unfortunately, more than one autoimmune disorder can lead to partial or complete hair loss.
Among the autoimmune diseases that can lead to some form of hair loss are:
- Alopecia areata.
- Alopecia Universalis.
- Hashimoto’s disease.
- Graves’ disease.
- Crohn’s disease.
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
What does lupus on the scalp look like?
Discoid lupus causes round, coin-shaped lesions (sores). The sores most commonly develop on your scalp and face, but they may show up on other parts of your body. Discoid lesions typically do not hurt or itch. They may be scaly, thick or red.